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About Varied / Professional Premium Member Gea AustenFemale/United Kingdom Group :iconartist-revolution: Artist-revolution
Revolutionising the Art World xD
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“Live your life as a work of art,” urged the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche

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It took me four years to paint like Raphael, but a lifetime to paint like a child. Pablo Picasso Quotes...

If Van Gogh was on DA he wouldn't get a DD... [nor would Leonardo, Raphael,Pisarro, Turner, Manet, Monet, Renoir, Constable, ] the ,list goes on... Gea

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Just went for a walk.. trying to get my health back... spring is here, just , saw a baby blackbird,, walked to the beach.. looked at shoes ,, and felt much happier ...
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Existentialism

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"Existential" redirects here. For the logical sense of the term see Existential quantification. For other uses see Existence (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Essentialism
From left to right, top to bottom: Kierkegaard, Dostoyevsky, Nietzsche, Sartre

Existentialism (/ɛɡzɪˈstɛnʃəlɪzəm/)[1] is a term applied to the work of certain late 19th- and 20th-century philosophers who, despite profound doctrinal differences,[2][3][4] shared the belief that philosophical thinking begins with the human subject—not merely the thinking subject, but the acting, feeling, living human individual.[5] In existentialism, the individual's starting point is characterized by what has been called "the existential attitude", or a sense of disorientation and confusion in the face of an apparently meaningless or absurd world.[6] Many existentialists have also regarded traditional systematic or academic philosophies, in both style and content, as too abstract and remote from concrete human experience.[7][8]

Søren Kierkegaard is generally considered to have been the first existentialist philosopher,[2][9][10] though he did not use the term existentialism.[11] He proposed that each individual—not society or religion—is solely responsible for giving meaning to life and living it passionately and sincerely ("authentically").[12][13] Existentialism became popular in the years following World War II, and strongly influenced many disciplines besides philosophy, including theology, drama, art, literature, and psychology.[14]


Definitional issues and background[edit]

There has never been general agreement on the definition of existentialism. The term is often seen as a historical convenience as it was first applied to many philosophers in hindsight, long after they had died. In fact, while existentialism is generally considered to have originated with Kierkegaard, the first prominent existentialist philosopher to adopt the term as a self-description was Jean-Paul Sartre. Sartre posits the idea that "what all existentialists have in common is the fundamental doctrine that existence precedes essence", as scholar Frederick Copleston explains.[15] According to philosopher Steven Crowell, defining existentialism has been relatively difficult, and he argues that it is better understood as a general approach used to reject certain systematic philosophies rather than as a systematic philosophy itself.[2] Sartre himself, in a lecture delivered in 1945, described existentialism as "the attempt to draw all the consequences from a position of consistent atheism".[16]

Although many outside Scandinavia consider the term existentialism to have originated from Kierkegaard himself, it is more likely that Kierkegaard adopted this term (or at least the term "existential" as a description of his philosophy) from the Norwegian poet and literary critic Johan Sebastian Cammermeyer Welhaven.[17] This assertion comes from two sources. The Norwegian philosopher Erik Lundestad refers to the Danish philosopher Fredrik Christian Sibbern. Sibbern is supposed to have had two conversations in 1841, the first with Welhaven and the second with Kierkegaard. It is in the first conversation that it is believed that Welhaven came up with "a word that he said covered a certain thinking, which had a close and positive attitude to life, a relationship he described as existential".[18] This was then brought to Kierkegaard by Sibbern.

The second claim comes from the Norwegian historian Rune Slagstad, who claims to prove that Kierkegaard himself said the term "existential" was borrowed from the poet. He strongly believes that it was Kierkegaard himself who said that "Hegelians do not study philosophy 'existentially'; to use a phrase by Welhaven from one time when I spoke with him about philosophy".[19] On the other hand, the Norwegian historian Anne-Lise Seip is critical of Slagstad, and believes the statement in fact stems from the Norwegian literary historian Cathrinus Bang.[20]

There also exists the belief that meaninglessness and absurdity create a behavior pattern that is not consistent with that which is considered "normal". In other words, existentialism "jars you out of your habits." Like war, sexual disease, and the like, the individual consciousness is paramount to the societal impact one may have and it is your reality that dictates your actions, not anybody else's.[citation needed]


Another aspect of existential freedom is that one can change one's values. Thus, one is responsible for one's values, regardless of society's values. The focus on freedom in existentialism is related to the limits of the responsibility one bears as a result of one's freedom: the relationship between freedom and responsibility is one of interdependency, and a clarification of freedom also clarifies that for which one is responsible.[27][28]

Authenticity[edit]

Main article: Authenticity

Many noted existentialist writers consider the theme of authentic existence important. Authentic existence involves the idea that one has to "create oneself" and then live in accordance with this self. What is meant by authenticity is that in acting, one should act as oneself, not as "one" acts or as "one's genes" or any other essence requires. The authentic act is one that is in accordance with one's freedom. Of course, as a condition of freedom is facticity, this includes one's facticity, but not to the degree that this facticity can in any way determine one's choices (in the sense that one could then blame one's background for making the choice one made). The role of facticity in relation to authenticity involves letting one's actual values come into play when one makes a choice (instead of, like Kierkegaard's Aesthete, "choosing" randomly), so that one also takes responsibility for the act instead of choosing either-or without allowing the options to have different values.[29]

In contrast to this, the inauthentic is the denial to live in accordance with one's freedom. This can take many forms, from pretending choices are meaningless or random, through convincing oneself that some form of determinism is true, to a sort of "mimicry" where one acts as "one should." How "one" should act is often determined by an image one has of how one such as oneself (say, a bank manager, lion tamer, prostitute, etc.) acts. This image usually corresponds to some sort of social norm, but this does not mean that all acting in accordance with social norms is inauthentic: The main point is the attitude one takes to one's own freedom and responsibility, and the extent to which one acts in accordance with this freedom.






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GeaAusten
Gea Austen
Artist | Professional | Varied
United Kingdom
My father made the first Peace/C.N.D. badges , I was with him helping him chose which design to use.. as a child prodigy I started painting when I was very young, but have never really been commercial.. but now I want the world to see my art.. Gea Austen

THE FILM ;THE SYMBOL OF PEACE'
vimeo.com/53623449
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:iconjoe-maccer:
Joe-Maccer Featured By Owner 6 days ago
feelin' the groove by TanteTabata :iconfaveplz:
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:iconsags:
sags Featured By Owner Mar 16, 2015
Thanks for the fav's


Brian :)
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:iconladyfromeast:
LadyFromEast Featured By Owner Mar 14, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Thank you kindly for faving my art! :heart:
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sags Featured By Owner Mar 1, 2015
Good Morning ...

I see you have been browsing my past !!

Thanks for the fav's


Brian :)
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MarietteBerndsen Featured By Owner Jan 24, 2015  Hobbyist Photographer
Thanks for taking a look and faving a few of my photo's Gea Heart 
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CaptainY Featured By Owner Jan 16, 2015  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Thanks for the fav mate :iconbralazeplz:
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SpiritDragonRyuu Featured By Owner Jan 9, 2015
Thanks again for the favs and the watch :hug:
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MarietteBerndsen Featured By Owner Jan 5, 2015  Hobbyist Photographer
You know I NEVER do tags, but to this one I do a single one time exception. Its to beautiful not to
Tag a quality deviant, You’re it! Quality doesn't mean that you have a lot of followers, or a lot of messages. It means that you’re nice to other people, and you deserve to be happy. If you get this message, someone is telling you that they love you as you are, and they don’t care how much followers you have. Send this to all deviants who deserve it (Or as many or few as you want). If you break the chain, nothing will happen. But it’s just good to let someone know that you love them!<3
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:icongeaausten:
GeaAusten Featured By Owner Jan 23, 2015  Professional General Artist
just read this .. thankyou so much xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
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:iconsags:
sags Featured By Owner Dec 3, 2014
Thanks for info and fav'


Brian :)
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:iconsptanwar:
sptanwar Featured By Owner Nov 23, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Thank you dear for adding me to your Deviant watch
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:iconjuanilla:
Juanilla Featured By Owner Nov 22, 2014
thanks for adding "Blue Cats"! :) (Smile) 
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lintu47 Featured By Owner Nov 21, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
Thank you for the :+favlove: Bunny Emoji-72 (Kawaii) [V4] by Jerikuto
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:iconbear48:
bear48 Featured By Owner Nov 20, 2014  Professional
thank you for adding “Corn Dancing” And “Dreaming of Itchycoo Park” to your favorites
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:iconsags:
sags Featured By Owner Nov 20, 2014
Thanks for two .. just back from Appledore!!! submitting some :)

Brian :)
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TriciaS Featured By Owner Nov 19, 2014
Many thanks for the :+fav:s:iconflywithloveplz:
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:iconladyfromeast:
LadyFromEast Featured By Owner Nov 18, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Thank you very much for faving my artwork! :iconcocoloveplz:
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:iconsags:
sags Featured By Owner Nov 13, 2014
Gosh ! I have arrived at an Art Gallery !!! :)

Thanks for the fav'

Brian :)
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SiwySzczur Featured By Owner Oct 26, 2014
Nice gallery:)
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21citrouilles Featured By Owner Oct 21, 2014
Thanks Gea for the :+fav:'s
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kayandjay100 Featured By Owner Oct 21, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Many thanks Gea for the three :+fav:s! :iconflowerheartplz: Cheers, Coco
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MarietteBerndsen Featured By Owner Oct 21, 2014  Hobbyist Photographer
Thanks for the faves Gea Heart 
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indigoatmosphere Featured By Owner Oct 20, 2014  Student Traditional Artist
Thank ye ma'am for the +watch, I appreciate it!
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sags Featured By Owner Oct 5, 2014
Good Afternoon Gea (just) :)

Thanks for comment and all the fav's

Brian :)
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Xantipa2-2D3DPhotoM Featured By Owner Sep 9, 2014
Thanks so much for  Added to my devWatch! ... :iconsaaptewt:
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